According to the National WASH Inventory (NWI), Ministry of Water and Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE) of Ethiopia, in 2011 national access to water supply was a little over 50% and to sanitation was a little over 60%. By 2015, it was estimated that national access to water supply had increased to 67%, meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) targets. Unfortunately, sanitation MDGs were not met; according to studies by EDHS in 2016, the improved sanitation access for Ethiopia is very low. Millions of Ethiopians still lack improved water and basic sanitation facilities, and very few people regularly WASH their hands with soap and water.
About WASH Alliance Ethiopia
In order to achieve the long term mission, WAI programme in Ethiopia has a goal of having functioning, well-maintained safe WASH facilities and good behavioural change practice by communities in the selected kebeles (neighbourhood) in the coming five years.
- Access to sustainable and improved sanitation facilities for 130,000 women, girls, boys and men, by 2022.
- Access to sustainable and improved safe drinking water for 110,000 women, girls, boys and men by 2022.
- Sustainable and appropriate hygiene practice for 77,500 women, girls, boys and men by 2022.
Each WAI partner works in a complementary way with their own added value. There is a Theory of Change adapted to the context of the country. Each partner has a clear understanding of the result areas and outcomes other partners are working on. Additionally, there is consistent collaboration and cooperation between partners.
The WAI SP intervention area is in Oromiya region, West Arsi Zone at Shashemene and Negelle Arsi districts. All WAI SP partners work in the same area. The goal WAI Ethipia is to improve social wellbeing by providing sustainable and equitable WASH for all in the intervention area.
- Which activities is the WAI in this country undertaking to contribute to this goal?
- Increasing access to and use of improved water supply.
- Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in the rural areas which increases access to sanitation and improved hygiene practices of the communities.
- Increasing access to loans from MFIs to households so that they have sanitation facilities at their premise, building the capacity of Small or Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs) so that they can do sanitation business.
- Catchment treatment in the intervention district so that the sustainability of water services will be improved.
- Learning and sharing on the areas of CR-WASH and Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI).
- Support districts to set-up WASH MIS to improve their Monitoring and Evaluation System.
- 53,518 people have access to improved water supply
- 61, 146 people have benefited by building their own toilet with the application of CLTSH approach
- MFIs have started providing credit for households to construct their own toilet
- A catchment being rehabilitated
- Two assessments (Monitoring and Financing study, water security) have been conducted.
Our work so far
Some highlights of the past and current activities of WAI SP Ethiopia are:
- Increase access to and use of improved WASH services and improved hygiene practice, in collaboration with local government.
- Establish and strengthen WASH services and provide capacity building to improve their operation and management facilities.
- Work on institutional water supply and sanitation systems.
- Capacity development to artisans/masons and vendors, design of system and engagement with Micro Finance Institutions (MFI) and Savings and Credit Co-Operative Society (SACCOS).
- Improved liquid waste treatment.
- Develop master plan for the two intervention areas.
- Documentation of lessons.
- Development of Woreda WASH Management Information System (MIS).
- Support the Regional Water Bureau and Ministry of Water to facilitate multi-stakeholder Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 learning platforms that work towards CR-WASH.
- Action research through the learning platform.
- Support government to adopt policy instruments in the CRV /Ziway-Shalla-sub basin.
- Catchment treatment in intervention area .